Today, the Federal Republic of Germany (this is the official name of the state) is one of the most developed economies in the world, and its internal political structure is an example of parliamentary democracy and the effective distribution of powers between the center and the subjects of the federation. The latter include the federal states of Baden-Württemberg, Bavaria, Brandenburg, the Free Hanseatic city of Bremen, the Free Hanseatic city of Hamburg, Mecklenburg-Vorpommern, Lower Saxony, North Rhine-Westphalia, Rhineland-Palatinate, Saarland, Free State of Saxony, Saxony, Saxony, Salt Schleswig-Holstein, Free State of Thuringia. The capital of Germany, the city of Berlin, also has federal status.
Before unification into one state, the German regions in the distant past were independent units: each with its own culture, history, traditions and customs. This determined the tourist attractiveness of the country. On a map of Germany, you can hardly find a place that would disappoint travel lovers and true connoisseurs of the beautiful. Majestic castles and palaces, many museums and cultural centers, virgin forests, magnificent sea beaches and luxurious ski resorts – all this determines the current look of Germany, which was at the forefront of the European Union and is considered to be one of the visiting cards of the continent.
A separate attraction is, in fact, every major city. Wherever you are – Berlin or Munich, Hamburg or Hanover, Dresden or Frankfurt am Main, Bonn or Baden-Baden – you will have an unforgettable acquaintance with ancient monuments, interesting and full time leisure. It offers tourists amusement parks, exhibition centers, zoos, cozy cafes and restaurants, nightclubs and just parks where you can stroll in the shade of tree branches, admiring the famous German pedantry and order. There is coherence in everything: five stars on the facade of the hotel guarantee the appropriate level of service, public transport is on schedule, beer in the cafe will be fresh, and signs in the settlements will make it easy to navigate even for those travelers who came to Germany for the first time.
Germany is often compared to a mosaic – so its separate parts are not similar to each other. But all together they form a surprisingly seamless and harmonious picture. In whatever region of this country you may be in, acquaintance with it will certainly be informative, interesting and impressive. In Germany, there are quite a few recognized tourist centers. Let us dwell on the most important of them.
Let’s start with Berlin – the capital and largest metropolis. The most famous symbol of the city is the Brandenburg Gate, built by order of King Frederick Willem II in 1791. The height of this monumental monument, built on the model of the Acropolis of Athens, is 26 meters. Its peak is crowned by a 6-meter quadriga, which is controlled by Victoria – the goddess of Victory. Four of the five aisles, formed by majestic columns, were intended for mere mortals, and the fifth was used only by the king and retinue.
Another iconic attraction is the Berlin Wall, a visit to which is included in the program of all sightseeing tours in the capital. It was built in 1961 and has become a living symbol of the division of Germany and one of the most disgusting manifestations of the Cold War. A small fragment remained from the wall, which was painted by artists inspired by her fall. So there was an open-air gallery – East Side Gallery. The most famous drawing – the kiss of Brezhnev and Honecker – belongs to our compatriot, artist Dmitry Vrubel. Visiting here, tourists do not forget about such a cult place as Checkpoint Charlie. When the wall existed, there was a checkpoint here, during the attempts to illegally cross which hundreds, even thousands of Germans met their deaths.