Pinakothek der moderne
The Pinakothek of Modernity is a museum of modern art located in Munich, the capital of Bavaria, in southern Germany. The Pinakothek collection of the present continues the collection of the New Pinakothek, chronologically since about 1900.
In the Pinakothek of the present collected works of art of the XX and XXI centuries. The number of exhibits of this museum totals more than 20 thousand. These are works of painting, sculpture, design and modern media.
The range of contemporary art works in the Pinakothek is huge – from post-impressionism and avant-garde movements in the first third of the 20th century to today’s digital technologies.
Excursions with Russian guides: sightseeing, walking, beer tours. Tour of the castles of Munich and the surrounding area. Drive from Munich to Berchtesgaden, Nuremberg and Füssen.
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The museum building was designed by architect Stefan Braunfels in 2002. It replaced the so-called Turkish barracks that were here before, which were no longer used. In the center of a white building made of glass and concrete, there is a two-story rotunda with a huge dome, 30 meters in diameter, and 25 meters in height. On both sides are two wings of the building. The total area of modern Pinakothek premises is 12 thousand square meters. This is the largest building of the Museum of Modern Art in Europe.
In the Pinakothek of modernity, there are immediately four independent museums. The placement of four museums under one roof reflects the concept of the interdisciplinary concept of the Pinakothek of modern times. The central dome of the rotunda is the entrance to the museum and the starting point for viewing the exposition of each of the departments of the museum and additional temporary exhibitions.
On the ground floor there is an exposition of the New Collection, the Design Museum, on the second floor there is a collection of modern art, the first floor is given to exhibitions of the architectural museum and a collection of graphic art.
Each department of the museum has its own lighting system – the halls of modern art on the second floor receive light from above, the exhibitions of the first floor through panoramic windows, and the graphic collection uses artificial lighting.
The museum is very popular. Already two and a half years after the opening of the Pinakothek modernity, the number of its visitors exceeded 2 million people.
Pinakothek Collections of the Present
The Pinakothek of modernity is structurally divided into four independent museums:
Architectural Museum of the Technical University of Munich,
New Collection – Museum of Design,
Collection of Contemporary Art of the Bavarian State Collection of Paintings,
Munich State Graphics.
State Gallery of Modern Art
The first exhibit of the future Pinakothek of the present was acquired back in 1910 with the then Director General of the New Pinakothek Hugo von Schude, who made the museum turn to new forms of art. It was a still life of Henri Matisse “Still Life with Geraniums”. By 1950, the collection of the State Gallery of Modern Art consisted of seven exhibits – in addition to the work already mentioned by Matisse, his sculpture, two paintings by one of the most significant German impressionists Lovis Corint (“Knightly Armor” and “Landscape with Lake Walchensee”), one of the main works Franz Mack’s “Red Deer”, “Venice” by Oscar Kokoschka and a self-portrait of Max Beckmann.
Subsequently, the gallery’s collection was replenished with works of modern art, mainly due to the transfer of private collections to the museum.
Classic Art Nouveau Collection
The collection of classical contemporary art consists of works performed in the period from 1900 to the 1950s.
The Pinakothek of modernity presents works of almost all areas of art at the beginning of the 20th century – impressionism, expressionism, futurism, Fauvism, Cubism, abstractionism, the Bauhaus, surrealism, pop art, minimalism, in total more than 3,000 works to date – from Pablo Picasso to Salvalore Dali.
At the beginning of the XX century, Munich was one of the centers of European art. Legendary creative associations of artists arose here, such as the Münchener Secession (Munich Breakaway) or Blauen Reiters (Blue Riders), which, abandoning the dogma of the classic image, boldly experimented with shapes, lines and color.
Such world celebrities as Henri Matisse, Marc Chagall, Vasily Kandinsky, Pablo Picasso studied, lived and worked here. At Munich exhibitions, artists sought to exhibit not only from all over Germany, but also from all over Europe. Therefore, it is not surprising that it was the Munich fans of contemporary art who became the owners of these works, and subsequently, the generous donors of the Pinakothek of modernity.