Hamburg city (Germany)
Hamburg is the second largest city in Germany, located on the banks of the Elbe River. This is one of the richest cities in the country, the largest port and a real “gate to the world.” Hamburg has been a center of European trade ever since it entered the Hanseatic League in the Middle Ages. This brought enormous wealth to the city and left a rich cultural and historical heritage. The sea spirit and traditions of the Hansa permeate Hamburg right through: from architecture and attractions, to culture, food and the cries of gulls in the streets.
Hamburg is located in Northern Germany at the southern tip of the Jutland Peninsula in an area that lies between continental Europe and Scandinavia. The city stands at the confluence of the Elbe River and its tributary Alster. The administrative unit is the free Hanseatic city of Hamburg, bordering the lands of Schleswig-Holstein and Lower Saxony.
The terrain is calm with slight differences in elevation. The highest point is just over 100 meters above sea level. Neighborhoods – picturesque natural landscapes, lakes and parks, gardens and farmland.
The climate of Hamburg is marine with warm (sometimes cool) summers and mild winters. The warmest months are July and August. The coldest is January. Precipitation is evenly distributed throughout the year. From November to February in Hamburg it is often cloudy and damp. In winter, small frosts and snowfalls are not uncommon.
Alster for defense against Slavic tribes. Near the fortress a settlement grew up, which gave birth to a new city.
1189 – Emperor Friedrich Barbarossa gives Hamburg the privileges of a free imperial city, which, combined with its good location, turns the city into one of the shopping centers in Europe.
1241 – Hamburg and the prosperous trading city of Lübeck formed an alliance, which in the future turned into an alliance that we know as the Hanseatic League. This was a powerful impetus for the subsequent economic and cultural development of the city.
1264 – The city authorities issued a law on the protection of swans, which forbade the killing and eating of these birds. Hamburg believes that as long as swans live here – the city will grow and prosper (it is interesting that in Bremen there is such a belief about Roland).
1284 – a great fire that destroyed almost all of the city’s buildings.
1350 – an epidemic of plague, during which half the population died.
1558 – foundation of the stock market.
1810 – Napoleon’s invasion.
1842 – another strong fire that destroyed and damaged a third of the city and many historical sights
1871 – Hamburg becomes part of the German Empire with broad autonomy rights. Also, the port of the city becomes the second largest in Europe.
1892 – An outbreak of cholera, which was caused by the rapid growth of the city and poor water quality.
1945 – over 39,000 tons of bombs were dropped on Hamburg, more than half of the city and 80% of the harbor were destroyed.
Hamburg historic center
Hamburg historic center
Historically, in Hamburg there has always been a variety of dishes and gastronomic traditions. Local sailors who traveled to other countries, and crews of foreign ships constantly brought something new to Hamburg cuisine.
It is not surprising that the cafes and restaurants of Hamburg represent a huge variety of dishes that relate to a variety of cuisines. And in the city you can find a wide variety of catering establishments: from exclusive and prestigious restaurants to typical gastronomic cafes, from modern and stylish to traditional family restaurants.
Despite this, do not underestimate Hamburg cuisine, which can offer simple and sophisticated traditional dishes. The most popular of them:
Rote Grütze – berry dessert with custard.
Historically, markets have always become one of the main events in the life of Hamburg. And now in the largest city of northern Germany, there are quite a lot of weekly markets where you can buy food, and flea markets where you can find many interesting things from household items to collectibles.
Hamburg’s most popular market is Fish or Fishmarkt. This is one of the oldest and legendary markets of the city, which began its history back in 1703. Located at St. Pauli Fischmarkt 2. Attention: Fishmarkt is open on Sundays from 5.00 to 9.30 (in winter from 7.00).
In the Eppendorf area, Isemarkt is held on Tuesdays and Fridays. This is the largest open-air market in Europe where you can buy almost everything: from food to books and tools.