Germany is the most populated country in Europe. 82.7 million people live in it – more only in Russia. The country is similar to a patchwork quilt: it consists of 16 federal lands, each of which has its own capital, traditions, and dialect. The capital of the Federal Republic of Germany is Berlin with 3.6 million inhabitants.
Almost every city in Germany, and not just Berlin, boasts either a long history, or outstanding sights, or a rich cultural life, or all at once. In many cities, the historical center (Altstadt – “Old Town”) with its market square (Markt), “gingerbread” medieval houses and the town hall is perfectly preserved. In such places it is easy to imagine how the life of the burghers proceeded several centuries ago.
Although the weather in Germany is moody, people come here not only in the warm season. It is especially good here during the season of Christmas markets, when cities are decorated with garlands and fragrant mulled wine is sold in the squares. Event tourism is well developed in the country. You can come to the legendary Oktoberfest and see the opening ceremony of the first beer barrel, or visit the Museum Festival in Stuttgart, or walk along the streets mummers at the height of the Cologne Carnival.
Germany is suitable for travel for any purpose. It has the perfect combination of components for an unforgettable vacation: mysterious medieval castles and magnificent royal palaces, classical museums and modern art spaces, healing springs and amusement parks, convenient transportation and hearty national food.
There are at least 5 reasons to spend a vacation in Germany:
see the famous symbols of the country: Reichstag, Brandenburg Gate, Cologne Cathedral, Neuschwanstein Castle, half-timbered houses, etc.
try dozens of varieties of German beer and visit the oldest beer in Europe;
eat plenty of sausages, pork shanks, pretzels and marzipans;
visit the museums of the giants of the German automobile industry: BMW, Mercedes-Benz, Porshe, Audi.
swim in the thermal springs and ski in the German Alps.
Germany is one of the countries of the Schengen agreement, to visit it you must have a Schengen visa. You can apply for a visa at the embassy or consulate of Germany, as well as at any visa center. Consular fee – 35 euros. When applying at the visa center or travel agency, the cost of a visa is higher.
Since 2002, the euro has been adopted in Germany as a currency. At 1 euro – 100 euro cents. The euro exchange rate against the ruble is constantly changing, check the price at the time of the trip.
In northern Germany, the marine climate prevails, in the rest of the country it is temperate continental. In general, the winters in the country are mild, with daytime temperatures around zero. Summer is moderately warm, during the day usually +22 … + 24 ° C. Sometimes hot days are issued at +30 … + 40 ° C.
A characteristic feature of the weather is variability. Sunny days are abruptly replaced by rainy days, often winds blow and sometimes hurricanes rage.
For a trip to central and northern Germany, it is best to choose the period from April to October. If you want to spend time in ski resorts in the German Alps, it is better to go from December to April.
How to get there
Germany is a major transport hub in Europe. The country has 39 airports, 16 of which accept international flights. You can fly from Russia by direct flight or with a connection to all tourist cities in Germany: Berlin, Munich, Bremen, Hamburg, Cologne, Dresden, Dusseldorf, Baden-Baden and others.
Direct flight from Moscow to Berlin takes 2 hours 45 minutes. From St. Petersburg fly less – 2 hours 20 minutes. Airplanes land at both airports of the capital: Berlin-Tegel and Berlin-Schönefeld. The center is easily accessible by bus.
Two international trains run from Moscow to Berlin. This is a great option for those who are afraid to fly or want to save. The fastest way to get on the company train 013M “Swift / Swift”. Travel time is 22 hours. The train arrives at Berlin Ostbahnhof station. At the station, you can transfer to the S-Bahn – Kundenzentrum city train station. From St. Petersburg you can get to Berlin by train only with a change in Moscow.
A trip to Berlin from Moscow by bus takes 28 hours. Buses arrive at the central bus station. You will have to drive 1800 km and a minimum of 20 hours by car, excluding stopping times. The road passes through Belarus and Poland, there are paid sections on the route.