Tourism in Germany
Germany ranks third in the list of the most visited countries in Europe. According to the Federal Tourism Agency of the Russian Federation, in 2013, more than 1.57 million Russians visited the Federal Republic of Germany, of which over 800 thousand were visited as tourists.
According to the German National Committee on Tourism, the main reasons for relaxing in the country are: an abundance of cultural attractions, cleanliness, safety, modernity, quality hotels, good food, shopping opportunities, an exciting nightlife, and a good price-quality ratio.
The most visited tourist regions in Germany are the East Frisian and North Frisian Islands, the coasts of Holstein and Mecklenburg-Vorpommern, the Rhine Valley, the Bavarian Forest, the Black Forest and the Bavarian Alps.
The most visited cities in Germany are Berlin and its environs, Munich, Hamburg, Frankfurt, Cologne, Dusseldorf, Dresden, Stuttgart, Nuremberg and Leipzig.
The most popular attractions
Aachen Cathedral Aachen
Berlin TV Tower Berlin
Brandenburg Gate Berlin
Heidelberg Castle Heidelberg
Europa Park Rust
Neuschwanstein Schwangau Castle
Cologne Cathedral Cologne
Hofbräuhaus beer house Munich
Zwinger and Gallery old
masters of Dresden
Berlin is called the capital of entertainment, as well as the city of creative people and bohemians. There are many museums, three opera houses, dozens of drama theaters and several major philharmonic societies. In Potsdam you can see the former residence of the Prussian kings with the palace and park ensemble of Sanssouci.
Hamburg is famous for its bridges, canals and the entertainment district of St. Pauli. There are many museums in the city: the Museum of Local Lore of the North of Germany, the Museum of Spices, the Museum-bomb shelter, the Panopticum wax museum, the Wine Museum.
Tourists travel to Dresden to look at the collections of the Old Masters Gallery in the Dresden Art Gallery and the Grunes Gövölbe Museum, which contains jewels. “Dresden is perhaps the prettiest city in Germany, but you have to live in it and not stop by for a few days. Its museums, art galleries, palaces, gardens, and beautiful surroundings are full of historical interest – all this enchants if you spend the whole winter, but it is staggering when you examine it on a surface, ”wrote Jerome Jerome in the novel“ Three on Four Wheels. ”
Fans of cultural rest should never bypass Cologne. This city ranks second in the world after New York in the number of art galleries. In addition, it is the birthplace of cologne: the word comes from the French “eau de Cologne”, which means “Cologne water”.
In Munich, Numfenburg Castle, the Old Pinakothek with works of European art of the 14th – 17th centuries, the Bavarian National Museum, the State Collection of Ancient Art and the BMW Museum are of interest.
Festivals and Holidays
The Oktoberfest in Munich is Germany’s most famous festival. Every year, more than 7 million people gather from all over Germany, as well as from other countries. During the festival, beer tents are set up, a costumed procession is held, attractions are running: the Olympia Looping roller coaster, as well as the Alpina Bahn observation wheel 50 meters high, from which you can see the Alps in sunny weather, and Power Tower II is the highest in the world (66 m ) Mobile tower simulation of free fall. In addition, a flea circus entertains guests during the Oktoberfest.
The Cologne Carnival, which takes place in February, is also popular. The culmination is “Pink Monday” (Rosenmontag) during Pancake Week. This is an exciting many hours procession of mummers, generously scattering sweets.
The whole world famous Berlin Film Festival (Berlinale). It has been held every year in the capital of Germany since 1951. Unlike the Cannes Film Festival, the Berlinale is oriented towards progressive geopolitical cinema. The jury pays special attention to the fact that films from around the world are presented in the festival program.
Germany is the European leader in spa treatments. Resorts, located mainly in the southern regions, are famous for thermal waters, mineral springs and healing mud. In the XVIII – XIX centuries, nobles from all over Europe came to these places. Today in the country there are more than 300 resorts and medical springs specializing in water therapy, mud therapy, massages and other procedures. It is worth going to in the warm season. The most popular months are from May to October.
Most German resorts contain in their name the word “Bad”, which means “healing water.” The most famous resorts in Germany – Badenweiler (Baden-Württemberg), Baden-Baden, Bad Kissingen, Bad Reichenhall (Bavaria), Bad Kreuznach (Rhineland-Palatinate), Bad Nauheim, Bad Homburg-for-der-Hohe , Wiesbaden (Hesse) and Bad Elster (Saxony). Water from local mineral springs is used to treat gastrointestinal and cardiovascular diseases, diseases of the musculoskeletal system, as well as for rejuvenation procedures.