Germany – Country Overview: map, history, photos, leisure activities, tourism, cities, German cuisine …
Today we will talk about one of the most developed states of central Europe and the whole world as a whole – Germany. https://horosho-tam.ru prepared detailed information regarding its location, climate, features of economic development and much more. Let’s start without long introductions!
The history of the formation of the state of Germany
Since time immemorial, only barbarians have lived on the territory of modern Germany. Many times the Romans tried to capture them, but this was extremely rare. In the face of the enemy, local tribes created alliances and, together, repulsed the raids of foreigners. After some time, the Roman Empire disappeared from the face of the earth, and the lands of the barbarians passed to Charlemagne. However, after his death, the state split again.
At the dawn of the 2nd millennium, the local ruler united the tribes and called them the Holy Roman Empire
On the territory of Germany at the time the Teutonic Order and the Order of the Swordsmen appeared, which attacked the Principality of Lithuania. In the 16th century, the state experienced another collapse. In this state, it existed until 1862, in which Otto Von Bismarck was appointed Minister-Chairman of Prussia. In the 20th century, the country organized 2 world wars. Both lost, as a result of which it was fragmented into the GDR and the FRG. Only after the collapse of the Soviet Union did the country reunite. In such a territorial framework, it exists today.
General Country Information
The Federal Republic of Germany is located in central Europe. The country shares its borders with 10 countries, including: Denmark in the north; Czech Republic and Poland in the east; Belgium, the Netherlands, France and Luxembourg in the west. But there are no neighbors from the north. There are only the Baltic and North Seas. They have a pair of islands that also belong to Germany. In general, the geographical location can be described as very successful.
The country is located very conveniently in the central part of Europe. The temperate climate zone gives a wonderful climate without anomalies and natural disasters. Winters are warm and summers are not very hot. Perfect.
The estimated population is 82,175,684, which is the second highest in Europe and the sixteenth in the world. Given the small area of the country (357,408.74 km²), the fact that the country is 36th in the world in terms of population density is not surprising.
Capital of Germany
Form of government
Germany is a federal state in its state system, which includes 16 federal states. And the head of state since 2005 is one of the few women politicians, Federal Chancellor Angela Merkel.
Most of the country’s population (65%) preaches Christianity. Catholicism, Christianity and Protestantism are also preached in the country. But these religions are not so common and have a local character.
Until 1999, the German currency was the currency in the country. But after the country’s entry into the Eurozone, it was decided to switch to the euro. Another 3 years the brand existed as a currency subordinate to the euro. And only in 2002 they were completely discontinued. And the euro today against the ruble is about 1 in 70.
Country Phone Code
+ 49 Emergency telephone numbers
If you are planning to visit Germany, then you definitely will not lose with the choice. This is a modern, developed country with a rich culture and excellently working law enforcement officers. So tourists can only be afraid of hamsters and small pocket thieves. By the way, the destruction of the first is prosecuted by law. The second is better to just bypass.
But just in case, every tourist before the trip is better to learn a few numbers from memory:
Police – 110 Ambulance and firefighters – 112. Help desk in Russian (within the country): (0190) 87-22-50 Also in large cities you can easily find a telephone box that has a telephone directory, so there will be no problem understanding.
Features of the life of Germans
It is worth recognizing that life in this developed country is very expensive. According to Russian money. But the fact is that salaries there are an order of magnitude higher than in our country. But speaking in general, the prices for products here are about the same as in Russia. But prices for the service sector are many times higher than in Russia. For a haircut, for example, it will take from 10 to 50 euros. And travel by public transport costs 2.5 euros. Incomparable with our 20 rubles.
Probably, because of such prices, the Germans are not so open and good-natured people, such as, for example, Czechs or Poles. The most appropriate word to characterize a typical German is restraint. They are restrained friendly, restrained helpful. The German will not tell you the story of his family until the 7th knee in detail. But he will explain to you in great detail and clearly how to get to one place or another if you suddenly got lost. Another word suitable for the Germans is pragmatism. There is a feeling that this people does not spend a second of their lives on holiday or celebration (this, of course, is a mistake, the Germans know how to relax worse than Russians). Walking along the quiet streets of Dresden, you are unlikely to find a mote or a cigarette butt on the ground.