How to get there
You can get to Germany in every possible way, the most convenient of which is, of course, an airplane. However, depending on the city, there are other travel options to Germany. Traveling within the country itself is quite simple, and there is special material about this – “Transport in Germany”. As for arriving in the country, a lot depends on the specific city, below we suggest you follow the links and get detailed information about the methods of arrival, depending on which city you will start your journey around the country.
The climate of Germany is temperate continental in most of it, typical of the countries of Western Europe, and in the north of the country there are features of the marine climate.
In summer, Germany is warm, about + 23 … + 25 ° C, sometimes hot, in the spring and autumn it rains. Winters are rarely cold: at this time of the day, daytime temperatures range from -5 to +5 ° C, depending on the region.
Throughout the year, the weather in Germany is changeable: warm days are abruptly replaced by cool and rainy, but real weather disasters are extremely rare.
The average annual rainfall is 600–700 mm. This indicator is slightly higher for mid-altitude years, and more than 1,500 mm of precipitation often falls in the Alps. In the south of Germany, the maximum rainfall occurs in the summer, and in the northwest in the fall.
Bremen is officially called the Free Hanseatic city of Bremen. It is the smallest province in Germany and has a special status, representing a city-province. Bremen consists of two cities – Bremen and Bremerhaven proper, divided by the lands of Lower Saxony. The city of Bremen was at one time one of the most important centers of trade in medieval Europe, so many attractions have been preserved in it.
Hamburg is a free and Hanseatic city in northern Germany and the second largest city in the country as a whole. It (as well as Bremen) owes its special status to a rich trading history, during which Hamburg became one of the largest ports in Europe (along with Antwerp and Rotterdam). In addition, the city boasts various attractions, including the Kunsthalle Museum.
Mecklenburg-Vorpommern is Germany’s most northeastern province with its capital in Schwerin. This is the most sparsely populated federal land, constantly experiencing economic problems. On the other hand. many Germans come here for the sake of beaches on the coast of the Baltic Sea, so the province is of particular interest to tourists.
Lower Saxony is located in the northwest of the country. These lands played an important role in the history of medieval Europe, especially when it comes to trade. This is the second largest federal state in Germany (after Bavaria), the capital is the city of Hanover. Also in Lower Saxony is the city of Wolfsburg, where the famous Volkswagen is produced.
Schleswig-Holstein is the northernmost federal state bordering Denmark. The capital is the city of Kiel, known for its large port. A total of 2,820,000 people live in the province; it cannot be called a popular place among tourists, although, for example, the city of Lubeck is famous for its medieval center.
North Rhine-Westphalia is the most densely populated and economically developed federal state in Germany, where the so-called Rhine-Rhur agglomeration is located, including Düsseldorf (the capital of the land), Gelsenkirchen, Cologne, Dortmund, Bonn, Bochum and other cities. In total, about 18 million people live in the North Rhine-Westphalia. Cologne with its impressive cathedral and Düsseldorf have special tourist significance.
Rhineland-Palatinate is a federal state located in the west of the country. The capital is the city of Mainz, in which book printing was once invented. One of the main attractions of Rhineland-Palatinate – Speyer Cathedral of the XI century, a UNESCO World Heritage Site.