Cologne is one of the oldest and fourth largest cities in Germany, as well as the administrative center of the federal state of North Rhine-Westphalia. It is located in the southwestern part of the country, on both banks of the Rhine River, and dates back to the Roman colony of the beginning of our era, from the time of Emperor Claudius. Subsequently, the Latin word colonia was transformed into the Germanized Köln, in which form it has been preserved to this day.
Over its long history, Cologne was repeatedly raided and devastated, it burned in flames and drowned in floods, but it suffered the most terrible cataclysm during the Great Patriotic War, when as a result of the bombing of Anglo-American aviation it was almost completely destroyed, with the exception of the main cathedral. However, the stubborn Germans were able to quickly rebuild their hometown, completely restoring the ancient buildings in their historical form, and now more than a million Cologne is the center of the metropolis, which includes a dozen more satellite cities that have practically merged with it. It has long become one of the largest industrial and scientific centers in Germany and throughout Europe.
Cologne proudly bears the title of a major city of culture and art. In the Old Town there are numerous exhibition galleries, museums and concert venues located in new, spacious and bright buildings. The current city is a world-class culture products, unique Christmas markets, excellent shopping, good beer and vibrant nightlife.
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How to get there
Main train station
Getting to Cologne is not a big deal. It is a major European passenger transit point through which the routes of all four transport incarnations pass – air, rail, road and river.
Cologne / Bonn International Airport, located just in the middle between these cities and bearing the name of Konrad Adenauer, opens its terminals for guests from foreign countries. Aircraft from all over the world, including from Moscow, land here. From St. Petersburg and other major Russian cities, airplanes fly to Cologne only with connections (we will talk about them a little lower). The airport is conveniently connected to the city – you can safely get on the train for 2.5 euros and in half an hour get out in the very center of the city.
Indeed, Cologne’s main railway station is located in its very center, next to the famous Gothic cathedral. It is not a problem to get to Cologne by bus. Cologne’s main bus station is not far from the train station, on Breslauer Platz, and comfortable Eurolines buses arrive here.